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Why Splint?

 
Splints can be fitted for a variety of conditions / reasons on most areas of the body.

The reasons for splinting can be:
• To relieve pain
• To prevent deformity
• To correct deformity e.g. gradually stretch soft tissues and joints
• To immobilise and prevent movement
• To assist function
• To encourage fracture / soft tissue healing
• To reduce / control oedema (swelling)
• To assist activities of daily living / leisure activities
• To support another treatment / surgery
• To simulate the effect of surgery


Benefits of splinting include:
• Ability to be removable - to check wounds, wash skin, exercise out of splint
• Can allow movement of joints within a given range.
• Can be custom made to fit an individual.
• Certain splints can be adapted, remoulded and altered during the course of a patient's treatment without the need for several new splints.
• Can vary in rigidity, weight and colour.
• Can be dynamic (move with the body) or static.
• Allow people to return to functional activities e.g. work, leisure.


Consideration before referring or fitting a splint includes:
• Why is the splint needed?
• What is the skin condition?
• Cognitive / psychological status.
• What is the prognosis?
• What are their social circumstances?
• What are their work / hobbies?